Essay on the topic of Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy The benefits and disadvantages of nuclear energy are making this energy that is alternative one of the most controversial currently available. Advocates pros and cons nuclear energy are equally passionate about their causes. Understanding the advantages and disadvantages for this power source makes it possible to make a far more informed decision about your own energy use. Nuclear Power Source Nuclear energy is employed to create electricity. Heat generated through the splitting of uranium atoms in a process referred to as fission is used to produce steam. This steam in turn powers turbines, which are used to produce the electricity that supplies the surrounding community.